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Empathetic Listening

Listening is more than just hearing. Read on to find out how you can listen to your children in a way that will make them feel heard and understood.

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When your child comes home from school with a problem and you are in the middle of a million things at once, what is the initial thought that comes to your mind? You may have the urge to fix the problem as fast as possible so you can get back to what you were doing. We have all been there. So you quickly begin spouting off some trite solutions that may or may not hit the mark like, “just ignore him” or “tell the teacher” or “find someone else to play with.” Chances are your child dismisses all of them for one reason or another, leaving you both frustrated. Next time this happens, try empathetic listening instead. You may find the conversation ends on a much different note.

What is empathetic listening? If you have images of lying on a coach having someone nod or repeat, “I see” a hundred times after you speak, you are mistaken! Empathetic listening is active and engaged and seeks to get to the heart of the matter for the person in need.

How to be a good empathetic listener

  • First, stop what you are doing. If you simply can’t, tell your child that you can see that this issue is important to him and that you want to give it your full attention. Make a specific appointment time when you will be free and keep it. Saying, “we will talk about it later” is not specific and will send the message that you are not really available to him.
  • Second, sit down together and make eye contact. Ask him to tell you what is going on. Don’t interrupt. Don’t ask any probing questions, except those that will help clarify anything you are confused on.
  • Third, as your child speaks, try to match the intensity (but not necessarily, volume!) of what is being told. You can say things like, “Boy – that must of made you mad!” or “You probably just wanted to get out of there.” Get to the essence of the feelings that your child is trying to communicate but don’t make great assumptions. You may reflect a feeling and be met with “No! That’s not how I felt!” To which you can respond, “Then please tell me. I really want to know.” The quicker and more accurately you can reflect what your child is feeling, the more likely he will feel heard and will find no need to exaggerate or embellish to communicate the level of the feeling he is having.
  • Fourth, get over the discomfort you may have with doing this. You may feel silly. You may even think the issue at hand isn’t a big deal. But you have to remember that it is a big deal to your child. Give him the same compassion and reflection of feeling you would give to a friend in a crisis. It may take a few times to get good at it.
  • Fifth, if you accurately empathize, you will be able to watch your child soften before your eyes. Once this happens and he has given full expression to his feelings, you can ask, “Is there anything I can do to help?” It is possible that venting was all that was needed. If not, problem solve together using the “miracle question.”
This article is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for treatment from a qualified mental health professional. Cornerstones for Parents is not liable for any advice, tips, techniques, and recommendations the reader chooses to implement.

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About Laura

Laura Kuehn, LCSW

Laura is a licensed clinical social worker who offers individual therapy to women and moms in Connecticut. She is the author of More Than a Conqueror, A Christian Kid's Guide to Winning the War on Worry. Cornerstones for Parents is the place she combines some of the things she is most passionate about: God's word, parenting and mental health.

1 Comment

  • Laura, I really like this posting. I have had many experiences with parents who are annoyed that their child is behaving childishly! Go figure! So we parent out of a childish place ourselves, the idol worshiper- of me. Parenting in a crisis reveals all kinds of things-about parents! We have so many idols about ourselves that these blind us to the diligent job of parenting. We see irritations, interruptions, and annoyances with immaturity. We should see God-given opportunities and sacred moments to redeem behavior. Thanks for the how-to steps. Great places to connect!
    Irritations make pearls, they say. Don’t clam up!
    (I know, it’s an oyster. hee, hee)

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